Thyroid and its disorders

2 minute read
2 minute read

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is located at the front of the neck. Thyroid glands are part of the endocrine system. This gland secretes many hormones that regulate the metabolic activity of the human body. Thyroid glands also play a significant role in the proper functioning of the heart and the digestive system. It aids in muscle control, brain development, mood, and bone upkeep.

The proper functioning of the thyroid gland depends upon the amount of iodine a person consumes in their diet.

The thyroid gland is located below Adam’s apple. The gland synthesizes iodine to produce vital hormones such as Thyroxine(T4). This T4 is the primary hormone produced in the organ and released into the bloodstream. While the T4mixes in the blood, it releases a small amount of Triiodothyronine(T3), which is the most active hormone that controls the body’s metabolism.

The thyroid gland produces about 80% T4 and about 20% T3. However, the T3 is four times the hormone “strength” as T4.

What is Thyroid disorder?

It is the condition that affects the thyroid gland. There are four different types of thyroid disorders that affect either its functions or its structure.

What are the types of Thyroid disorders?


A condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce the essential thyroid hormone for the normal functioning of the body.

What are its symptoms?

1. Weight gain

2. Hair loss

3. Feeling dejected

4. Dry skinHyperthyroidism


It is the condition where the production of the thyroid hormone is in excess quantities.

What are its symptoms?

1. Irritability

2. Excess hunger

3. Fast heart rate

4. Insomnia

5. Irregular menstruation

6. Weight loss


It is developed as the result of iodine deficiency or the inflammation of the thyroid gland

What are its symptoms?

Lump or swelling around the gland

Thyroid Nodules:

A thyroid nodule is a solid or fluid-filled lump that is found in the thyroid gland.

What are its symptoms?

Enlargement of thyroid or lump in the neck


The cause of thyroid cancer is often poorly understood. The onset of the disease may involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

What are the general diet tips for the healthy functioning of the thyroid gland?

1. Avoid excess intake of  cabbage and broccoli as they may interfere with the production of thyroid hormone

2. Avoid excess amounts of sugar in your daily diet.

3. Avoid excess consumption of coffee as caffeine has been found to block the absorption of thyroid hormone.

For the healthy functioning of the human body, all systems must work together in perfect sync. Connect with our LiveRight Doctors today to learn more about the thyroid gland and to live right.

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